PROMIS Sleep Disturbance Scale: The PROMIS (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System) Sleep Disturbance Scale is a patient-reported measure designed to assess sleep quality and sleep-related impairment. It is part of the larger PROMIS initiative, which aims to provide standardized, reliable, and valid measures of various health domains.

The PROMIS Sleep Disturbance Scale consists of several questions that evaluate various aspects of sleep, such as:

  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Difficulty staying asleep
  • Sleep quality
  • Sleep depth
  • Restoration associated with sleep
  • Difficulties with sleep disturbance
  • Difficulties with sleep-related impairment

The scale uses a 5-point Likert scale for responses, ranging from “Not at all” to “Very much.” The scores are then converted into standardized T-scores, which can be compared to the general population or specific patient groups.

Example: PROMIS Sleep Disturbance Scale

STOP-Bang Questionnaire: The STOP-Bang Questionnaire is a screening tool specifically designed to assess the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It is widely used in primary care and preoperative settings due to its simplicity and effectiveness in identifying patients who may benefit from further evaluation for OSA.

The STOP-Bang Questionnaire consists of eight yes/no questions related to common risk factors and symptoms of OSA:

  • Snoring
  • Tiredness/fatigue during the day
  • Observed apnea episodes
  • High blood Pressure
  • BMI (Body Mass Index) over 35 kg/m²
  • Age over 50 years
  • Neck circumference greater than 40 cm (15.75 inches)
  • Gender (male)

Each “Yes” answer is assigned one point, and the total score ranges from 0 to 8. A score of 3 or more indicates a high risk of OSA, while a score of less than 3 suggests a low risk.

Example: STOP-Bang Questionnaire

Both the PROMIS Sleep Disturbance Scale and the STOP-Bang Questionnaire are valuable tools for assessing sleep-related problems in clinical settings. The PROMIS Sleep Disturbance Scale provides a comprehensive evaluation of sleep quality and its impact on daily life, while the STOP-Bang Questionnaire specifically screens for the risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Healthcare providers can choose the most appropriate tool based on the patient’s presenting symptoms and the clinical context.